UNDERSTANDING YOUR IMPACT

Get a better understanding of the environmental impact and operating costs of your current heating solution as compared to clean heating technologies.

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT

This graph shows the carbon emissions produced by heating a standard 2,000 square-foot (SF) Massachusetts home using traditional as compared to clean technologies, assuming either today’s electric grid or a 100% renewable grid.

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions for Heating a Standard 2,000 SF Home

  • 2020 Electricity Grid
  • 100% Clean Electricity Grid
    • An individual homeowner can achieve a high percent of clean electricity today by installing solar PV and/or by purchasing electricity sourced from renewables.
    • To achieve Massachusetts’ Net Zero by 2050 goal, the utilities in Massachusetts will increase their purchase of clean electricity in the coming decades.

OPERATING COSTS

The graphs represent the annual heating operating cost for a standard 2,000 SF home heated by fossil fuels as compared to clean energy technologies.

*Please note that prices and performance may vary by year, system, and home weatherization level. Homeowners who install air-source heat pumps or ground-source heat pumps, which also provide cooling, can also expect to save 30% – 50% on cooling costs as compared to a standard central air-conditioning system.

INCENTIVES

There are a number of programs now available to homeowners, making clean energy solutions affordable to install.

INCENTIVES AVAILABLE BY CLEAN ENERGY SOLUTION


Mass Save

Mass Department of Energy Resources (DOER)

Federal Tax Credits

Mass State Tax Credits

Financing Options

Other
Air-Source Heat PumpsElectric Heating and Cooling RebatesAlternative Energy Certificates (AECs)Mass Save HEAT Loan
Automated Wood HeatAlternative Energy Certificates (AECs)26% for systems installed through 2022 and 22% for systems installed through 2023; consult IRS websiteMass Save HEAT Loan
Battery StorageConnectedSolutionsSMART Battery Adder

Clean Peak Energy Standard

Ground-Source Heat PumpsElectric Heating and Cooling RebatesAlternative Energy Certificates (AECs)26% for systems installed through 2022 and 22% for systems installed through 2023; consult IRS website 6.25% Massachusetts Sales Tax ExemptionMass Save HEAT Loan
Electric VehicleEversource’s EV Home Charger Demand ResponseFederal Tax Credits for New All-Electric and Plug-in Hybrid VehiclesMOR-EV

Municipal EV Programs

Heat Pump Water HeaterElectric Heat Pump Water Heater RebatesMass Save HEAT LoanENERGY Star Equipment Tax Credit
Solar ElectricitySolar Massachusetts Renewable Target (SMART)26% for systems installed through 2022 and 22% for systems installed through 2023; consult IRS website15% of the system cost as a state tax credit, up to $1,000Municipal Light Plant Solar Rebate Program (for MLPs that do not participate in SMART)
Solar Hot WaterAlternative Energy Certificates (AECs)26% for systems installed through 2022 and 22% for systems installed through 2023; consult IRS website15% of the system cost as a state tax credit, up to $1,000Mass Save HEAT Loan

*Please note that this is not a fully exhaustive list and there may be other incentives available for more specific project types. Additional incentives may be listed on this page: https://programs.dsireusa.org/system/program/ma.

AVERAGE COST AFTER INCENTIVES

Estimates include equipment and installation for a 2,000 square foot MA home.

Air-Source Heat Pumps

$16,000*
(whole home)

Ground-Source Heat Pumps

$22,000*

Automated Wood Heat

$20,000*

Solar Hot Water

$7,000*

Heat Pump Water Heater

$2,400*

Solar Electricity

$23,000**

*The average cost after incentives is an estimate based on a 2,000 square foot MA home and includes federal tax credits and/or Mass Save® rebates. Incentives for customers who currently have oil, propane, or electric resistance heat or hot water are higher than for customers who currently have natural gas heat or hot water. Actual costs may vary. 

**The estimated cost of solar PV is based off actual MA projects from 2019 – 2021 and includes federal and state tax incentives. The average system size in Massachusetts is 9 kW DC. Over the lifetime of the system, additional revenue can be generated through energy savings or other incentive programs such as the SMART program. Please visit MassCEC’s Solar Cost Comparison Tool for examples of residential solar installations from 2001 – 2018. 

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We’re In This Together

Pledge to reduce your home’s carbon footprint by replacing old systems and appliances with clean energy technologies over time.

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Let's work together to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from our homes and build a clean energy future for Massachusetts.

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